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Horrific Tragedy Ensues After AC-130 Gunship Crew Denied Opportunity to Engage Afghan ‘Squirters’ in Tangi Valley

EDITOR’S NOTE: The article below first appeared on this site Sept. 20, 2013. Several months later, it vanished — along with nearly 5,000 others written and published since October 2006 — as detailed in a post eight months ago. Today, I rescued it from where it appears on an alternate site in order to share it in advance of the fourth anniversary of a tragic event that took place Aug. 6, 2011. It appears below with only minor modifications. Please read and share.

The images above are those of the men lost while serving their country in Afghanistan aboard a CH-47 “Chinook” helicopter — call sign “Extortion 17.”

The images above are those of the men lost while serving their country in Afghanistan aboard a CH-47 “Chinook” helicopter — call sign “Extortion 17.”


Recently, I asked the question, Did Afghan Officials Play Deadly Role in Navy SEALs Helo Crash? Today, I ask a question about a decision made by U.S. military officials in OPERATION LEFTY GROVE, an effort during which the single-largest loss of life in the history of U.S. Naval Special Warfare took place: Why Was AC-130 Crew Not Allowed to Engage Squirters?

On Aug. 6, 2011, a CH-47 “Chinook” — call sign “Extortion 17” — was shot down during the pre-dawn hours while on a mission to capture a bad guy in Afghanistan’s Wardak Province.  Among the dead, 30 Americans, most of whom were members of the U.S. Navy’s elite SEAL TEAM SIX.

Not coincidentally, many believe, the deaths of these “quiet professionals” came only weeks after Vice President Joe Biden compromised operational security by disclosing details about their unit’s involvement in a raid on Osama bin Laden‘s compound in Pakistan.

After obtaining a redacted copy of the U.S. Central Command crash investigation report — almost 1,300 pages — that had previously been classified “SECRET,” I was able to learn more than most about what reportedly transpired on the mission during which the good guys were hunting for a Taliban leader in the Tangi Valley who had been given the code name, “Lefty Grove.”


A sensor operator aboard an AC-130U performs preflight system checks before takeoff at Hurlburt Field, Fla. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Ali E. Flisek.

A sensor operator aboard an AC-130U performs preflight system checks before takeoff at Hurlburt Field, Fla. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Ali E. Flisek.

During the evening of Aug. 5, 2011, the crew of a U.S. Air Force AC-130 aircraft — it’s not clear which version, “H’ or “U” — left Bagram Air Base was involved in what the aircraft commander told investigators was a “direct action mission.”  Shortly after arriving “on station (i.e., in the location of their mission objective),” members on the heavily-armed aircraft’s crew became aware of eight individuals “huddling up along the wall” of a building near their objective and positively identified them as possessing weapons.

“After hearing that [redacted] was going to engage those guys,” the AC-130 navigator explained to crash investigators, “we immediately asked the [redacted] if we could go overhead.  That way we could be watching from a point where we would be ready to shoot if there were any additional squirters that moved off the engagement site from [redacted].”  FYI:  “Squirter” is a term the AC-130 aircraft commander later defined as an individual who has left the target compound but has not been declared hostile or shown hostile intent.

Further into the discussion, the AC-130 navigator explained what happened after the crew of another aircraft engaged the eight individuals on the ground.

“Then, at that point, [redacted] One engaged the eight pax north of the building, 120 meters west of the actual of the Lefty Grove target set, and we picked up two squirters that did not get hit or (were) less injured than the rest of their other folks… and we basically started following those guys off to the northwest.”

Then the AC-130 aircraft commander interjected with an important note.

“Really quick, an important point I think at this juncture is, we had requested to engage those two individuals, and we were denied,” he said.

Another individual, identified only as “IE” in the report, offered more details, explaining that the original engagement planned for those eight individuals on the ground was a “hell fire engagement,” but “they elected to go to the 30-millimeter due to CDE constraints.”  FYI:  CDE is short for “Collateral Damage Estimate.”

What happened when they pushed for 40mm engagement as a weapon that would result in zero CDE?

“We were denied that,” he explained.  “We were just requested to maintain track on those two squirters that were moving west.”

After some discussion of how typical mission communications play out, members of the AC-130 crew were asked by crash investigators to “kind of walk through what happened next.”

“Basically, like we said, we were passing periodic updates to [redacted],” the AC-130 navigator explained.  “The first one we passed was when the squirters were 200 meters away and, really, it was about every 200 to 300 meters we were passing along updates.

“[Redacted] I guess you talk to [redacted],” he continued.  “They said they didn’t want us to engage; what he passed to us was that they wanted to follow those guys and figure out where they stopped.  And then find out exactly where they were and then basically use that as a follow-on after they were done clearing and securing the actual Lefty Grove site.

“So, basically, we kept following them until they were about two clicks away and then they finally stopped under a piece of terrain, a small tree grove,” the AC-130 navigator explained before being asked by the deputy investigating officer to point out the grove on a graphic.

At that point, the AC-130 aircraft commander began describing how and where his crew followed the squirters to a point where they picked up six additional personnel and how his crew passed along their observations.  He also went on to explain that additional squirters had been identified in the objective area.

Eventually, the AC-130 navigator explains how the crew of Extortion — which, crew members noted later, became known to them as “Extortion 17″ only after they started seeing emails days later — enters the scenario.

“So we watched the squirters go into the building,” he explained.  “At this time [redacted] had moved out to escort Extortion into the HLZ [redacted] — after we got all information passed to us about where the HLZ actually was going to be and their route of flight.”  FYI:  “HLZ” is short for “Helicopter Landing Zone” or, depending on the circumstances, “Hot Landing Zone.”

The building inside which the squirters had taken refuge, according to the AC-130 navigator, was about 600 meters southeast of the HLZ where the crew of Extortion 17 planned to drop off members of SEAL TEAM SIX.

After some discussion of the communications that took place between air and ground elements, the AC-130 aircraft commander confirmed for the deputy investigating officer how responsibilities for watching the squirters and visually escorting Extortion 17 into the HLZ had been assigned.

Additional discussion about details of the mission followed, and the AC-130 commander described his final communications with the crew of Extortion 17 while also noting that it was a “zero illum” night.  Total darkness.

“They called three minutes out, so we are trying to figure out, we’ve got the HLZ, we are getting ready to put the burn on and we are just sitting there waiting,” the AC-130 aircraft commander explained.  “A normal one minute, we are waiting two minutes for that one minute out call to put the burn on and just waiting, and we don’t know exactly what is going on.”

He went on to explain that his crew thought about making contact with Extortion 17 but decided against.  Why?  Because, in case they were trying to work something out, he didn’t want to bother them during “this critical phase of flight.”

After noting how the crew of Extortion 17 changed their run-in heading (a.k.a., “direction of approach”), the AC-130 aircraft commander said the one-minute-out call came and his crew began to “put the burn on” — or unleashed fire to protect the helicopter as it was about to land in the HLZ.

“Shortly after the burn came on,” he explained, “I saw three RPG shots, kind of just ripple — one, two, three — coming from the south to the north.  I was in the southern part of the orbit and…what I saw was either the first or second one make an initial hit, and just a massive explosion, and it just seemed to be stationary, and it just dropped.”


After reading the 55-page document containing the transcript of the crash investigation team’s conversation with an AC-130 gunship crew involved in OPERATION LEFTY GROVE, I’m convinced that orders based on Rules of Engagement (i.e., political correctness-based fear that an attack against suspected enemy combatants would result in “collateral damage”) prevented that crew from doing their job and likely resulted in the senseless deaths of 30 American warriors in Afghanistan.  And I’m not alone.

The video below features the audio track of a talk radio appearance during which Charlie Strange shared his feelings — about losing his son, Navy SEAL Michael Strange, in the crash and about the findings of the crash investigation report — with Dr. Michael Savage, host of “The Michael Savage Show.”

To read other articles about Extortion 17, click here.

For links to other articles of interest as well as photos and commentary, join me on Facebook and Twitter.  Please show your support by buying my books and encouraging your friends and loved ones to do the same.  To learn how to order signed copies, click here. Thanks in advance!

Click on image above to order Bob's books.

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Book Excerpt: ‘You always hope somebody’s got your back’

On March 30, 2010, I sent an email message to retired Air Force Chief Master Sergeant John Stewart. I asked him to to call me and told him I’d like to speak with him about the case of his son, Kelly, a former Army Green Beret and highly-decorated combat veteran who had been falsely accused, wrongly convicted and sent to prison. Eighteen months and dozens of conversations later, I shared Kelly’s story in the form of my first nonfiction book, Three Days In August (October 2011). Below and with only minor formatting changes, I share an excerpt from the final chapter of that book, The Last Mission In Iraq:

Three Days In August chronicles the life of a highly-decorated Army Green Beret.

Three Days In August chronicles the life of a highly-decorated Army Green Beret and how one night in a German hotel room changed his life. Click image above to order book.

U.S. Army Sergeant First Class Kelly A. Stewart deployed to Iraq several times during his seven-year career as a Special Forces professional and built a reputation as a stand-up guy who would do anything for his country, according to Jeff Cole, a man who served with Stewart during his last mission in Iraq. For eight months in 2006, both were members of a Special Operations Task Force Operations Detachment Alpha (a.k.a., “A-Team”). On May 14, 2010, I spoke with Cole about the time he spent with his brother in arms.

Cole recalled the time he spent with Stewart as one during which he “got a new brother”.

“My team was assigned to work with an Iraqi Special Operations force,” Cole explained, “and our job was to, basically, go after high-value targets and, that’s when I began working with Kelly” who was on a different team.

“I would say Kelly struck me right away as someone who really has an aptitude for Special Operations type of work and, especially, the type of work we were doing.

“And the reason is, I think a lot of people get into Special Forces for various reasons, but Kelly’s family background kind of went to that. His father was Special Operations and served in Vietnam on the Air Force side.”

Cole came from the same background. His father was in Special Forces, and he counts that experience as one which gave him “a real good understanding of how Special Operations works.”

“Technically, Kelly struck me as somebody who was very proficient and very good at his job,” he continued. “And that wasn’t just my impression, that was the impression of my entire team.”

Stewart, at that time, was working a little bit more on the intelligence side, whereas Cole and his team were working on the operations side.

“We were the guys that were headed out of the Green Zone, the safe zone, and going out into Sadr City to carry out the missions that were assigned to us,” Cole said.

During these types of missions, he said, survivability relies solely on intelligence and on the kind of information Soldiers get before they go in there.

“That will determine your success or failure of your mission and whether or not your guys are gonna come back alive,” he concluded.

“Right away, Kelly built up a huge reputation with my team (and became) the go-to guy for us.

“Because he had such knowledge on where we were headed and the kinds of people we were up against, we began asking him if he wanted to come with us.

Cole went on to explain that, though the intel side does not normally mix with the operations side, things were different when it came to Stewart. Not only did he jump at any chance he could get to work with the operators, but the operators came to believe that if they “had a vacant slot, a seat that needed to be filled, an extra gun with us, (Stewart) was going to be that guy.”

Kelly Stewart on a gun truck in Iraq.

Kelly Stewart on a gun truck in Iraq.

Considering that their missions almost always involved firefights and run-ins with Improvised Explosive Devices, Cole said Stewart’s eagerness to serve set him apart.

“Not everybody was jumping at the opportunity to go with us,” Cole explained. “Kelly was an individual who, anytime we needed somebody, he was going to be there. But we always wanted to choose him as well, because he had the knowledge, the specialized knowledge, that would help us plan the mission better—and he also was technically proficient as a gunslinger too, to put it bluntly. (He was) always welcome, for those reasons.

On numerous occasions, Cole had the opportunity to see Stewart perform on the battlefield.

“(On) a lot of the missions, we would meet heavy resistance,” Cole said. “That would come in the form of Mahdi Militia or any type of militia force that would be on a rooftop—maybe a four- or five-story building—and they would be armed with anything from AK-47 to an RPG rocket.

“There were early warnings systems in place in these areas in Sadr City,” he continued. “Someone would trip or pull a fuse and take out the power for a whole city grid and that would be a warning that the Americans were coming and these guys would be alerted and there would be a heavy firefight. So that’s the environment we worked in.

“If we had it our way, we would go in just like a SWAT team here in America would go in—no shots fired, you arrest your individual you were looking for, you bring him back, collect some evidence, take some pictures, bring the individual back to an Iraqi court, turn him over to an Iraqi judge, present the evidence, and you’re done. That’s the perfect mission.

“Typically,” he said, “it didn’t end that way. Typically, it would end in a firefight.

It was during such firefights that Cole got to see Stewart in action.

“There were countless times—and I think it was pretty typical of our missions and the people we were working with that—during any given mission, somebody would save your life and you would save their life, countless times, just by the nature of what we were doing.

“Whether it was on the operations side where Kelly contributed to a high degree or on the planning side where he contributed to a high degree, if you were able to gather intelligence on whether there was an IED planted on a certain route and you were able to avoid that route, then you can see how that could be incredibly important. (It) really drives those statistics with low casualty rates.

“On the personal side,” Cole said, “you only have to do that a couple times for somebody, where you’re relying on them like that and they’re coming through for you before suddenly you’ve got a new brother. That’s pretty much how that went down. So we operated for about eight months like that.”

On their last mission in Iraq, Cole and Stewart saw a comrade critically wounded, shot through the chest.

“Basically, my role switched from being a combat leader to a medic that quick, and Kelly took up the slack,” said Cole, who was serving dual roles as both a troop leader and medic. “(Kelly) went from being just an ‘extra gun’ to taking up my position as a troop leader—of Iraqi troops, not American.

“I had to put down my gun in order to treat this casualty, but there were still bullets flying around—buzzing around our heads like bees, quite literally,” he said. “So that was hard for me to do, but he reassured me that he had me covered.

“Kelly stood over the top of me and the casualty pretty much the whole time on the way back out of Sadr City,” he continued, “and it was under intense fire.”

In addition to being their last mission together, Cole said it was also the most significant.

“It sticks out in my mind the most, because it was such a good example of how you really do rely on, and quite literally put your life in, somebody else’s hands.

Cole went on to describe the battle scenario.

“One of the things about Sadr City is that, if you ever heard the descriptions of Mogadishu—how a city suddenly erupted with fighters, they just come out of the woodwork—Sadr City was quite a bit like that,” he explained. “People would just surface with weapons, and they were ready to fight.

“(They had) a determination and tenacity that shocked me, just absolutely shocked me,” he said, adding that it was either a strong belief in martyrdom or just a real determination to crush the Americans.

“I’m not sure which,” he said, “but whatever it was, I was really impressed by it; I was shocked.”

Something that hasn’t impressed Cole since returning from Iraq is the military justice system and the impact misconceptions appear to have had on the court-martial of his brother in arms, Stewart.

Cole believes misconceptions, fueled by German media reports and based on Hollywood movie scripts and intraservice rivalries, played a significant role in the court-martial panel reaching a verdict that called for his brother in arms to spend eight years behind bars at the U.S. Military Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Kelly Stewart returns from a mission in Iraq.

Kelly Stewart returns from a mission in Iraq.

Further, Cole believes Stewart deserves the benefit of the doubt and should be granted a new trial.

“Special Forces has always been at a disadvantage with conventional troops because, by its nature, it’s elite,” Cole said. “The question is always, ‘What makes you so special?’”

He went on to explain that there are a lot of answers to that question, but the fact that someone feels the need to ask it gives an indication of how that makes conventional forces feel sometimes.

“The whole Hollywood culture of what a Special Forces guy—a ‘loose cannon’ or ‘rogue’ soldier—can do (and) what kind of damage he can do on the run” combines with media buildup to create some serious problems in the minds of people.

In the case of Stewart, Cole was referring to the fact that German news media accounts sensationally painted his friend as a Rambo-like character loose in the Bavarian Forest, a fugitive from justice who must have been guilty because he fled his court-martial proceedings.

“I don’t think that was the situation at all,” Cole said emphatically.

“Like Kelly’s father points out, Kelly never meant to hurt anybody. He never meant to engage. Had he decided to do any of those things, I’m convinced he could have succeeded at either one. You’re talking about someone who trained people to operate in secret, underground cells.

“Could Kelly have escaped and gotten away and found himself far away from his trouble?” Cole asked rhetorically. “Yeah, I think he well could have done that.

“Could he have killed a lot of police or military who were trying to locate him? Yeah. Absolutely. I saw his effectiveness in combat.

“He chose not to do either one of those,” Cole reasoned. “I don’t think either even entered his mind.”

The chapter continues for a few more pages and ends with Cole saying, “You always hope that somebody’s got your back.”

Today, I can say, “I have have Stewart’s back.”

If you’re interested in learning details about how the military justice system railroaded Stewart, order a copy of Three Days In August.

For a snapshot of Stewart’s situation today and to find out how you can help, read this Open Letter to Any American and/or read this recent article. Thanks in advance!

UPDATE 4/19/2015 at 1:15 p.m. Central: Check out the limited-time free-books offer here.

For links to other articles of interest as well as photos and commentary, join me on Facebook and Twitter.  Please show your support by buying my books and encouraging your friends and loved ones to do the same.  To learn how to order signed copies, click here. Thanks in advance!

Click on image above to order Bob's books.

Click on image above to order Bob’s books.